How we understand poverty

By Yusra Uzair (Nexos Comunitarios)

Nexos Comunitarios Development ModelAlong with the implementation of our development model focusing on building human development through the support of health, education, and economic empowerment, it is necessary to have complementary monitoring and evaluative processes which will help Nexos Comunitarios measure progress and changes due to the presence of our organization and our efforts within the communities.

The dynamics of a community are ever-changing, especially considering inter-culturality and human rights are the foundations enabling sustainability.

In the 2010 Human Development Report, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) published the Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI). The MPI acknowledges that an individual or community can experience multiple deprivations at the same time, which demonstrates the varying realities of households in a community. Poverty is further contextualized through the MPI than monetary-based measures such as the income gap and the headcount ratio fail to do. While the data collected through these measures is important, the MPI allows us to alter and include indicators that are most relevant to communities in the Andes.

The Multidimensional Index is calculated using information on the intensity and prevalence of deprivations across health, education, and standard of living. The indicators are reflective of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), further tying together global indicators and objectives to combat poverty.

In regards to the communities, Nexos Comunitarios’ works in, MPI is especially beneficial because it allows for policy makers to target resources more effectively and design policies address the needs of communities, specific to ethnic groups, urban/rural locations and other community-based characteristics. For example, Cuncani is located in the Province of Urubamba, but the access and services available to the community are extremely limited in comparison to the other cities within the same jurisdiction. Furthermore the statistical data available for the province does not reflect the actual realities of the region because of the extreme situations on both ends of the scale of development.

Since its introduction in 2010, the MPI has undergone changes and has been positively received by the international community. Countries such as Colombia and Mexico have adopted the MPI and altered it to be incorporated as part of their national poverty measures.

The adoption of MPI in monitoring and evaluating our programs will help to identify the impact and progress of Nexos Comunitarios’ work in advocating and supporting sustainable community development. It is our belief that poverty is multidimensional and we aim to demonstrate the unique realities experienced by microcosms in the Andes.

*You can learn more about Multidimensional Poverty Index at:

http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/multidimensional-poverty-index-mpi

AND

http://www.ophi.org.uk/policy/multidimensional-poverty-index/

BIG News (Lunch Program in Cuncani 2015)

Throughout these three years, we have learned a lot regarding the health of the children, including how we should evaluate it and how we can improve it. In addition, we have discovered that there are other factors, aside from nutrition, which influence the health of the children. When we began this program, we found that of the total number of participants (68), 9% suffered from severe anemia, 60% suffered from moderate anemia, and 31% were healthy.
Graphic 1

Since the beginning, we have conducted 3 health checks annually. During the first year, our results depended on the season, as it was harder to provide better nutrition to the children during cold months. Other factors also played a role in these results, which require a more in-depth investigation.
Nevertheless, the health of the children has improved in the last 12 months. In July of last year, the Minister of Health did a respective check (due to the low temperatures registered throughout the region in previous years), and unlike past years, all of the children in Cuncani were healthy. Perhaps in other regions of the country this situation is not surprising, but for the standard of living in Cuncani (and nearby communities) this news is rare and encouraging.
A few weeks ago, we did the second annual medical check for children of the Lunch Program and these are the results:
Graphic 2
That’s right! 96% of the children are healthy! 4% of the children still require treatment to battle anemia; a situation which will be controlled in the coming months. Isn’t this great news?!
We still have 5 months to complete the Lunch Program in Cuncani and have important things to accomplish:
  • Continue improving the health of ALL the children of the Lunch Program in Cuncani
  • Adequately prepare (mitigating the risks that will appear) the changes in the Lunch Program for 2016

We would like to thank all of our sponsors for their constant support throughout our work, all of the people that have helped us raise funds, and all of the parents of the children in Cuncani, who have respected their commitment to prepare the lunches for the program.

Thank you so much!

Una GRAN noticia (Programa de Almuerzos en Cuncani 2015)

A lo largo de estos tres últimos años, hemos aprendido mucho sobre la salud de l@s niñ@s, cómo debe evaluarse, cómo puede mejorarse y que además, existen otros factores, además de la nutrición, que influyen en ella.
Cuando iniciamos este programa, encontramos que del número total de participantes (68), el 7% de ell@s sufrían de anemia severa, el 61% de anemia moderada y el 31% estuvieron sanos.
Gráfico de estado de salud de niñ@s en Marzo de 2013
Hemos realizado 3 chequeos de salud por cada año y durante el primer año, los resultados dependían de la estación en la que se encontraban, mientras más frío hacía, más difícil era proveer una mejor nutrición a l@s niñ@s y de otros factores que aún requieren una investigación más profunda.
Sin embargo, l@s niñ@s del Programa, han mejorado su salud en los últimos 12 meses. En julio del año pasado, el Ministerio de Salud hizo el chequeo respectivo (debido a las bajas temperaturas que se han registrado durante los últimos años en la zona), y a diferencia de otros años, tod@s l@s niñ@s  de Cuncani estuvieron sanos. Quizá en otras regiones del país, esta situación no es tan sorprendente, pero para el nivel de vida de los habitantes en Cuncani (y en comunidades cercanas), esta noticia es bastante alentadora y poco común.
Hace unas semanas hemos hecho el segundo chequeo médico de este año, a l@s niñ@s del Programa de Almuerzos y estos son los resultados:
Gráfico de estado de salud de niñ@s en Julio de 2015
¡Sí! ¡El 96% de l@s niñ@s se encuentran sanos! El 4% de niñ@s que requieren de tratamiento contra la anemia, se encuentran en una situación que será controlada en los próximos meses. ¿No es esta una gran noticia? ¡Es una GRAN noticia!
Nos quedan aún, 5 meses para terminar el Programa de Almuerzos en Cuncani y tenemos retos muy grandes:
  • Seguir mejorando la salud de TOD@S l@s niñ@s del Programa de Almuerzos en Cuncani.
  • Preparar adecuadamente (mitigando los riesgos que aparecerán) los cambios en el Programa de Almuerzos en Cuncani para el año 2016.

Quisiéramos agradecer a tod@s nuestras madrinas y padrinos por su apoyo constante en esta tarea, a tod@s las personas que han asistido a nuestros eventos de recaudación de fondos durante estos años y por último, pero no menos importante, a todas las madres y padres de l@s niñ@s de Cuncani, quienes han cumplido disciplinadamente con su compromiso: preparar todas los almuerzos del Programa.

¡Muchas gracias!